Children during the Holocaust
Children were especially vulnerable during the Holocaust, when the Nazis advocated killing children from “unwanted” or “dangerous” groups. Germany and its collaborators murdered approximately 1.5 million Jewish children and tens of thousands of Romani (Gypsy) children.
In the Ghettos
Most ghetto children were considered unproductive and thus “useless eaters,” and were chosen for the first deportations to killing centers or as the first victims led to mass graves.
In the Killing Centers
Thousands of children and their parents were shot by SS and police forces in German-occupied Poland and the Soviet Union. The director of a Warsaw ghetto orphanage refused to abandon children selected for deportation, accompanying them on transport to Treblinka and other killing centers and sharing their fate.
Thousands of German children, the vast majority of whom were non-Jews, were killed as a result of the Euthanasia Program; children were murdered as a form of retaliation, as in the destruction of the Czech town of Lidice; children were shot as civilians in the German-occupied Soviet Union alongside their parents.
In Concentration and Transit Camps
During World War II, Germany interned children whose parents were killed in so-called anti-partisan operations; some were held temporarily in the Lublin/Majdanek concentration camp and other detention camps, while others were held in transit camps and concentration camps in appalling conditions.
In Occupied Poland and the Occupied Soviet Union
SS race experts ordered the abduction and transfer of hundreds of children from occupied Poland to the Reich, where they would be adopted by racially suitable German families. Blond hair, blue eyes, and fair skin were often enough to merit the opportunity to be Germanized.
Resistance and Rescue
Kindertransport (Children’s Transport) was an informal name for a rescue effort between 1938 and 1940 in which some non-Jews hid Jewish children and entire families, as in the case of Anne Frank.
After the War
Many surviving Jewish children fled eastern Europe with or without their families as part of the mass exodus (Brihah) to occupied Germany’s western zones, and thousands more migrated to the Yishuv (Jewish settlement in Palestine) through Youth Aliyah.
What happened to babies in concentration camps?
Children born in Auschwitz concentration camp and allowed to live must be divided into four groups: children who were burned to death as soon as they arrived, children who were killed in their mothers’ wombs or as soon as they were born, and children who were born in the camp and allowed to live.
What is the longest anyone survived in a concentration camp?
Mayer Hersh, a Jewish prisoner who survived the Auschwitz death camp in Nazi-occupied Poland for 18 months during World War Two, died at the age of 90. He was one of the longest-serving inmates of the extermination camp, which killed 1.1 million people.
How many survivors were there at Auschwitz?
This list represents only a small portion of the 1.1 million Auschwitz victims and survivors, and it is not intended to be a comprehensive or representative count.
When was Auschwitz liberated?
The Soviet army entered Auschwitz on January 27, 1945, liberating more than 7,000 remaining prisoners, most of whom were sick and dying. Between 1940 and 1945, at least 1.3 million people were deported to Auschwitz, of whom at least 1.1 million were murdered.
Is Tadeusz Sobolewicz still alive?
She survived the bombing of Poland and the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where she nursed a dying Anne Frank, before being sent to the Bergen-Belsen camp. She survived the bombing of Poland and the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where she nursed a dying Anne Frank.
Who discovered the concentration camps?
Almost all of the prisoners had been removed from most of the camps discovered by the Soviets, leaving only a few thousand aliveu20147,000 inmates were discovered in Auschwitz, including 180 children who had been experimented on by doctors.
When was Auschwitz discovered?
On April 29, 1945, American forces liberated Dachau, discovering more than 30 railroad cars filled with bodies brought to Dachau, all in a state of advanced decomposition, as they approached the camp. In early May 1945, American forces liberated the prisoners who had been sent on the death march.