Elderly skin bruising: What may be going on
For caregivers, determining the difference between “normal aging” and “make an appointment with a doctor” can be difficult, and they are often unsure of how to navigate this gray area. Here is some advice on what to look for and how to manage bruising on aging skin.
What skin bruising is
Bruising occurs when small blood vessels under the skin burst, filling small pockets of skin with dark blood. Bruising is uncomfortable for most people and serves as a reminder to be more careful next time, but it can be extremely painful and last for weeks for seniors whose bodies heal more slowly.
Why people bruise more with age
According to the Mayo Clinic, as people age, their skin thins and loses some of their fatty layer, which cushions blood vessels and allows them to absorb impact rather than burst.
Bruises that don’t come from impact
Seniors may also get bruises that aren’t caused by impact, such as actinic purpura, which occurs when blood vessels burst due to years of sun exposure. These bruises aren’t usually a cause for concern, but they should be checked out by a doctor just in case.
Bruises from vitamin deficiencies
Vitamin deficiencies are another cause of bruises; some experts believe that vitamins C and D are essential for good skin health and preventing bruises.
When to involve a doctor
Seniors should be evaluated for health and safety hazards in their home to avoid falling or tripping. Some medications, such as aspirin and blood thinners, can make bruising worse. Not remembering how an injury occurred could be a sign of memory issues. Seniors should also be evaluated for health and safety hazards in their home to avoid falling or tripping.
Large bruise dangers
Extremely large bruises or areas of swelling should be examined immediately because they could be signs of internal bleeding or damage and should be seen by a doctor. Even if there is no serious internal issue, persistent bruising and tenderness should be examined.
Abuse or neglect?
If you’re concerned, see your doctor or report the suspected abuse or neglect to the appropriate authorities.
Experts say that bruising hands and arms is common as you get older.
What are you lacking if you bruise easily?
Vitamin K, vitamin C, and vitamin B-12 deficiency, as well as vitamin K, vitamin C, and vitamin B-12 deficiency, may contribute to easy bruising. Your healthcare provider can order a blood test to check for vitamin deficiency and may recommend vitamin supplements based on the results.
Why does old people’s skin bruise so easily?
Because blood vessels weaken and the skin thins as people age, they bruise more easily; however, easy bruising may run in families, so people whose relatives bruise easily may notice that they do as well.
How do you prevent bruising in the elderly?
To avoid bruises in the first place, keep a tidy living environment free of clutter or furniture that could cause tripping or bumping. For those who have trouble with balance, a cane or walker may be useful, and hand rails strategically placed around the living space can ensure stability.
Should I be concerned if I bruise easily?
If you have frequent, large bruises, especially if they appear on your trunk, back, or face, or if they appear for no apparent reason, consult your doctor.
What vitamin deficiency can cause bruising?
Vitamin K Deficiency If you don’t get enough vitamin K, you’re more likely to bruise, but most healthy adults get enough from foods like leafy green vegetables.
Can vitamin D deficiency cause bruising easily?
The symptoms of vitamin deficiency include fatigue, constipation, bruising, and muscle soreness.
Does low iron cause bruising?
If you don’t get enough iron, your body will need it to keep your blood cells healthy, and if your blood cells aren’t healthy, your body won’t be able to get the oxygen it needs to function, making your skin more prone to bruising.
What is the best lotion for elderly skin?
The best recommendation is to use a fragrance-free moisturizer, such as Cetaphil Restoraderm, CeraVe, Aveeno Eczema Therapy, Vaseline Clinical Therapy, AmLactin 12%, and Aqua Glycolic, which are all available over the counter.
How do you get rid of blood bruising under the skin?
Treatment at home
- Rest and protect a bruised area.
- Ice will help reduce pain and swelling.
- Compression, or wrapping the bruised area with an elastic bandage (such as an Ace wrap), will help reduce swelling.
- Elevate the bruised area on pillows while applying ice and whenever you are sitting or lying down.
How do you stop bruising easily?
To avoid bruises, keep your home free of clutter and always wear protective gear when exercising or participating in sports. If you already have a bruise, raise the injured area and apply ice to it to make you feel better and keep the bruise from spreading.
What supplements help prevent bruising?
Vitamin C supplements have been shown to reduce bruising in people with low vitamin C intake, and doctors often recommend supplementing with 100 mg to 3 grams of vitamin C per day for several months to people who have easy bruising.
Can High BP cause bruising?
Easy bleeding and bruising can be caused by problems with blood clotting or other illnesses, and high blood pressure can occur without any symptoms.