Health literacy among older adults is associated with their 10-years’ cognitive functioning and decline – the Doetinchem Cohort Study
The development and validation of “health literacy” measures in different populations. The European Health Literacy Survey HLS-EU. 2012. Comparative report of health literacy in eight EU member states. Cognitive function and health literacy decline in a cohort of aging English adults.
Rey’s verbal learning test: normative data for 1855 healthy participants aged 24-81 years. Maastricht aging study: impact of age, sex, and sex on Dutch speaking participants.
Why do elderly have low literacy?
Physical impairments such as hearing and vision loss, as well as age-related changes, may all contribute to a decreased ability to process health information in older adults (Cornett, 2006; Speros, 2009).
What are some of the problems associated with the elderly in the US?
Arthritis, high blood pressure, heart disease, hearing loss, vision problems, diabetes, and dementia affect the elderly in the United States. Nursing home care in the United States is expensive and often substandard; neglect and abuse of nursing home residents is fairly common.
Who is most affected by health literacy?
Health literacy refers to an individual’s ability to obtain, process, and comprehend basic health information in order to make informed health decisions. It is more common in the following populations: older adults and minorities.
How do people with low health literacy impact society?
Poor patient self-care, high health-care costs, and an increased risk of hospitalization and mortality have all been linked to low health literacy.
Who is at risk for low health literacy?
Patients with low health literacy are more likely to be older, have a limited education, have a lower income, have chronic conditions, and be non-native English speakers. It is estimated that 80 million adults in the United States have limited or low health literacy.
What are the four skills of health literacy?
Health literacy entails a complex set of reading, listening, analytical, and decision-making skills, as well as the ability to apply these skills to health-related situations.
What are the four major old age problems?
Dementia, psychotic depression, personality changes, mood swings, aggression, and other mental health issues affect the elderly.
What is the most common health problem in the elderly?
Heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes are among the most common and costly chronic health conditions, causing two-thirds of deaths each year, according to the National Council on Aging.
What is the most common disease in elderly?
The most common chronic disease of older adults (23), hypertension, is a major contributor to atherosclerosis and is associated with mortality even at advanced ages. Isolated systolic hypertension is particularly common among older adults and is associated with mortality even at advanced ages.
Why is there poor health literacy?
Poverty, education, race/ethnicity, age, and disability are all factors that can affect an individual’s health literacy. Adults who live below the poverty line have lower health literacy than adults who live above the poverty line.
What are signs of low health literacy?
Incomplete or inaccurate registration forms and other paperwork. Frequent missed appointments. Nonadherence to medications or assigned treatment programs are just a few examples of behavioral and verbal responses seen in patients with low health literacy.
What percentage of people have health literacy?
According to the National Assessment of Adult Literacy, only 12% of adults in the United States have a high level of health literacy.
How can a person’s health literacy impact their health?
Low health literacy has been linked to a variety of negative health outcomes, including poorer health [7u20139], a lack of knowledge about medical conditions and related care , a lack of engagement with health care providers , decreased comprehension of medical information , mortality , and poorer use of health care resources.
How does health literacy affect patients?
Patients with low literacy have less health-related knowledge, receive less preventive care, have poorer control of chronic illnesses, and are hospitalized more frequently than other patients, according to studies.
What are the problems of people on health literacy?
People with low to moderate healthcare literacy skills face a variety of consequences, including an inability to assume positive self-management, higher medical costs due to more medication and treatment errors, more frequent hospitalizations, longer hospital stays, more visits to their healthcare provider, and a lack of information about their healthcare options.